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مقایسه سود و جریانات نقدی به عنوان معیارهایی برای ارزیابی عملکرد شرکت

تاریخ:یکشنبه 4 دی 1390-15:08

حسابداری مالی زمستان 1388; 1(4):1-25.
 
مقایسه سود و جریانات نقدی به عنوان معیارهایی برای ارزیابی عملکرد شرکت: بررسی نقش اقلام تعهدی
 
مشایخی بیتا,شریعتی ایوری علیرضا
  
عده زیادی از استفاده کنندگان اطلاعات مالی از سود به عنوان معیاری برای ارزیابی عملکرد شرکت استفاده می کنند. یکی دیگر از معیارهای اندازه گیری عملکرد که می تواند مورد استفاده واقع شود خالص وجه نقد دریافتی است. تا قبل از الزامی شدن تهیه صورت جریانات نقدی برای شرکتها، تنها معیار برای سنجش عملکرد، سود شرکت بود که پس از آن معیار دیگری (جریانات نقدی) برای سنجش عملکرد شرکت معرفی شد. با این وجود هنوز عده زیادی از استفاده کنندگان از صورتهای مالی از معیار سود برای سنجش عملکرد شرکت استفاده می کنند. در این پژوهش توانایی هر یک از معیارهای سود و جریانات نقدی را در انعکاس عملکرد شرکت مورد ارزیابی قرار داده ایم و به این منظور، اطلاعات مربوط به سال 1379 تا 1386 برای 82 شرکت عضو نمونه از شرکت های پذیرفته شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران مورد آزمون قرار گرفته اند. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن است که در دوره های اندازه گیری كوتاه مدت، سود نسبت به جریانهای نقدی عملیاتی رابطه بسیار قویتری با بازده سهام دارد. همچنین، مشخص گردیدكه با افزایش طول دوره های اندازه گیری، توانایی جریانهای نقدی عملیاتی نسبت به سود برای انعكاس عملكرد شركت افزایش می یابد. از سوی دیگر، اقلام تعهدی نقش مهمی در افزایش توانایی سود برای انعكاس عملكرد شركت (بازده سهام) از خود نشان دادند. البته در صورتی كه قدر مطلق اقلام تعهدی بزرگ باشد، ارتباط بین بازده سهام و جریانهای نقدی عملیاتی نسبت به ارتباط بین بازده سهام و سود کاهش می یابد.

 كلید واژه: بازده سهام، جریانهای نقدی عملیاتی، اقلام تعهدی، سود حسابداری، دوره اندازه گیری كوتاه مدت، دوره اندازه گیری بلند مدت
 


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